Mangan

December 28, 2008
Do you know that the process of grinding and pemolesan until rice becomes white rice has cast 80% vitamin B1, 70% vitamin B3, 90% vitamin B6, 50% mangan (Mn), 50% phosphorus (P), 60% iron (Fe) , 100% fiber and essential fatty acid. So stay clean white rice that contain carbohydrate, but only just, when the rice should be a food rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber and essential fatty acid.

Iodium function

December 26, 2008
Nervous system consists of the neuron cells and glia cells that formed on the stadium embriologist that continues in a short time after the baby is born. Cells have a neuron associated with the intellect.

Iodium function is to improve the intellect in relation to the growth of brain cells, the neuron cells. The number of neuron cells in the brain generally reach about 10 billion.

Iodium shortages during the pregnancy and early childhood period of life can decrease the number of neuron cells in the brain. Therefore, the time-period is a very critical and need to get oxygen-vitamin in sufficient amount, such as amino acids, fatty acid, vitamins, and minerals (especially iodium).


Neuron has four important parts of the body cells, dendrit, akson, and terminal akson. Akson is part of nerve cell function with a mediator to bring the message thread nerve. Neuron has the ability conductivity and exitability.

This cell has ability to give a reaction on the stimulus from outside sources, such as stimulus mechanical, electrical, chemical or physical, the cause and impulse conduct through the nerve. A nerve impulse is always conduct through dendrit to cell and from cell to akson.
Relationship one neuron with another neuron which does not form a braided-linked but separately by connecting a very narrow slit (1/5.000 mm) which is called synapsis. For the synapsis, nerve impulse requires a carrier substance which is called neurotransmitter.

There are about 30 neurotransmitter that has been known, including serotonin, norepineprin, epineprin, dopamin, and asetilkolin. Neurotransmitter is formed from raw materials in the form of amino acids (protein).

Lack of protein will be an impact on the reduction in the amount of neurotransmitter, so that the delivery of messages to be slow. In other words, people will be foolish. That is why protein is needed for a fetus in the womb and in the earlier period of life.

Calcium

Calcium, is one of the minerals that hold an important role in various processes that occur in the body. Mineral is useful to form and maintain bones and teeth to stay healthy, prevent osteoporosis, helps the process of blood coagulation and wound healing, to bring the signal in the nerve cells, regulating muscle contraction, helping through the membrane ion transport, and as an important component in the production hormone and enzyme.

Calcium needs vary for each age. Differences can be seen from the list below:

1. Baby 300 - 400 mg
2. Children 500 mg
3. Adolescents 600 - 700 mg
4. Adult 500 - 800 mg
5. Pregnant women and breastfeeding 900 - 1200 mg

Lack of calcium can cause growth disturbances, fragile bones, and muscle cramps. In addition, the easy going channel urine infection. The low calcium content also affect the absorption of other minerals such as Fe, Zn, and Mg.

Best source of calcium is from food daily. Food such as green vegetables (eg, spinach, cassava leaves, broccoli, mustard greens), fish teri, dried shrimp, know, nuts, salmon, sardine, and milk.

Minerals

1. calcium
2. fluorine
3. iodine
4. iron
5. phosphorus
6. sodium
7. zinc

Vitamin

December 24, 2008
Vitamin calories without nutrition is an important and necessary to the human body metabolism. Vitamins can not be produced by the human body, but from food daily. Special function as a vitamin is kofaktor (element adjuvant) for the reaction enzimatik.

Vitamins also play a role in various other body functions, including regeneration skin, vision, nerve system and the order of the body's immune system and blood coagulation.

Body requires a different amount for each vitamin. Everyone has different needs vitamins.

Children, the elderly, people suffering from diseases or pregnant women require a higher amount of some vitamins akan food in their day-to-day.

Vitamins are divided into two types: soluble vitamins in the fat (A, D, E and K) and the vitamins dissolved in water (B and C).

If the consumption of vitamin that dissolves in the excess fat, the benefits can be stored in the human body, while for vitamin that dissolves in water will be issued (ekskresi).

This makes the excess vitamin is dissolved in fat can sometimes cause symptoms of toxication in the rare vitamin that dissolves in water. Instead, defisiensi symptoms (lack of) occurred more frequently in the vitamin dissolves in water because the vitamin can not be stored in the body in the network.

Symptoms vary from level defisiensi small problems, such as headaches, skin problems or loss of appetite until the disease-a serious disease such as beri-beri is caused by a lack of vitamin B or scabious caused by lack of vitamin C in a long period of time. However the serious defisiensi found in developing countries. However, consumption of vitamin that is almost up to the optimum phase also occurred in some parts of the population group.

Vitamin found in many types of food, fruits, vegetables, cereals (grains), meat, fish and dairy products.

Lipids

Lipids are hydrophobic: that’s the one property they have in common. This group of molecules includes fats and oils, waxes, phospholipids, steroids (like cholesterol), and some other related compounds. Fats and oils are made from two kinds of molecules: glycerol (a type of alcohol with a hydroxyl group on each of its three carbons) and three fatty acids joined by dehydration synthesis. Since there are three fatty acids attached, these are known as triglycerides.

Proteins

Proteins are organic compounds made of amino acids arranged in a linear chain and joined together by peptide bonds between the carboxyl and amino groups of adjacent amino acid residues. The sequence of amino acids in a protein is defined by the sequence of a gene, which is encoded in the genetic code. Higher-protein meals may help overweight and obese people burn more fat.

Proteins were first described and named by the Swedish chemist Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1838. However, the central role of proteins in living organisms was not fully appreciated until 1926, when James B. Sumner showed that the enzyme urease was a protein. Animal protein and vegetable protein probably have the same effects on health. It's the protein package that's likely to make a difference.

Vegetable sources of protein, such as beans, nuts, and whole grains, are excellent choices, and they offer healthy fiber, vitamins and minerals. The best animal protein choices are fish and poultry.

Carbohydrates

December 14, 2008
Carbohydrates are the most abundant of the four major classes of biomolecules. They fill numerous roles in living things, such as the storage and transport of energy (starch, glycogen) and structural components (cellulose in plants, chitin in animals). Additionally, carbohydrates and their derivatives play major roles in the working process of the immune system, fertilization, pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.

Chemically, carbohydrates are simple organic compounds that are aldehydes or ketones with many hydroxyl groups added, usually one on each carbon atom that is not part of the aldehyde or ketone functional group. The basic carbohydrate units are called monosaccharides, such as glucose, galactose, and fructose.