The food industry

July 24, 2009
The food industry is the complex, global collective of diverse businesses that together supply much of the food energy consumed by the world population. Only subsistence farmers, those who survive on what they grow, can be considered outside of the scope of the modern food industry.

The food industry includes:

* Regulation: local, regional, national and international rules and regulations for food production and sale, including food quality and food safety, and industry lobbying activities
* Education: academic, vocational, consultancy
* Research and development: food technology
* Financial services insurance, credit
* Manufacturing: agrichemicals, seed, farm machinery and supplies, agricultural construction, etc.
* Agriculture: raising of crops and livestock, seafood
* Food processing: preparation of fresh products for market, manufacture of prepared food products
* Marketing: promotion of generic products (e.g. milk board), new products, public opinion, through advertising, packaging, public relations, etc
* Wholesale and distribution: warehousing, transportation, logistics
* Retail: supermarket chains and independent food stores, direct-to-consumer, restaurant, food services

Food processing is the methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food for human consumption.Food processing takes clean, harvested or slaughtered and butchered components and uses them to produce marketable food products.there are several different ways in which food can be produced.

One Off Production This method is used when customers make an order for something to be made to their own specifications, for example a wedding cake. The making of One Off Products could take days depending on how intricate the design is and also the ability of the chef making the product.

Batch Production This method is used when the size of the market for a product is not clear, and where there is a range within a product line. A certain number of the same goods will be produced to make up a batch or run, for example at Gregg’s Bakery they will bake a certain number of chicken bakes. This method involves estimating the amount of customers that will want to buy that product.

Mass production This method is used when there is a mass market for a large number of identical products, for example, chocolate bars, ready meals and canned food. The product passes from one stage of production to another along a production line.

Just In Time This method of production is mainly used in sandwich bars such as Subway, it is when all the components of the product are there and the customer chooses what they want in their product and it is made for them fresh in front of them.

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